Jungle music, also known as drum and bass, is a genre of electronic dance music that originated in the United Kingdom in the early 1990s. It is characterized by its fast tempo (usually around 160-180 beats per minute), complex rhythms and heavy use of breakbeats. The genre takes its name from the use of jungle-themed samples and imagery in its early tracks, and its association with the UK’s black communities.
Jungle music emerged as a subgenre of rave music, which was popular in the UK in the late 1980s and early 1990s. It was developed by a group of DJs and producers who began experimenting with faster tempos and more complex rhythms, using samples from a wide range of sources, including funk, reggae and hip-hop. Jungle music began to gain mainstream popularity in the early 1990s, and by the mid-90s, it had become one of the most popular forms of electronic dance music in the UK.
One of the key characteristics of jungle music is its use of breakbeats, which are samples of drum breaks from funk and soul tracks that have been looped and manipulated. These breaks are often layered with other samples and drum patterns to create complex and dynamic rhythms. Jungle music also features heavy use of basslines, which are often created using synthesizers, and are often syncopated to complement the complex rhythms of the drums and breaks.
Another defining feature of Jungle music is its use of vocal samples, which are often taken from reggae and dub tracks, and are used to add a sense of atmosphere and storytelling to the music. This style of music also heavily incorporates the use of MCs (rappers/MCs) who would often perform live over the music.
Jungle music has been hugely influential in the development of other genres, such as drum and bass, dubstep and even grime. Some of the most important and influential jungle producers and DJs include Goldie, Roni Size, and Dillinja. Today, Jungle music is considered one of the most exciting and innovative forms of electronic dance music, and continues to evolve and adapt to new sounds and styles.
In conclusion, Jungle music is a genre that has its roots in the UK’s underground dance scene, and has grown to become one of the most influential and important forms of electronic dance music. With its fast tempo, complex rhythms and heavy use of breakbeats, Jungle music continues to push the boundaries of what is possible in electronic music.